- Citizen Journalism and Democracy in Africa – Fackson Banda explores the state of citizen journalism in Africa, with particular emphasis on its implications for democracy. The study and the case studies it entails are focused mostly on institutionalized citizen journalism, i.e. platforms sponsored by media companies or NGOs. Nevertheless, Banda concludes that conventional media are reluctant to use and incorporate citizen journalism. With regard to democracy, the author posits that citizen journalism is participatory democracy, but he also finds that the practice prospers in free and pluralistic environments. While Banda does not see a business model for citizen journalism, he argues that its sustainability should be understood in terms of “democratic sustainability”; i.e. a media supported by the willingness of citizens to take up communicative spaces afforded by ICT.